Common Summer Injuries and Prevention Strategies

Jun 18, 2024

Preventive Health

Common Summer Injuries and Prevention Strategies

Summers bring fun and color to life. As the days grow longer and the temperatures rise, it invites us outdoors to enjoy various activities, from swimming and hiking to sports and barbecues. However, amidst the fun and relaxation, summer also brings its share of risks. Certain injuries can become more common during this time. Being aware and alert is essential to prevent such accidents.

Most common summer injuries occur due to a lack of understanding and awareness. Let's discuss the common injuries associated with summer so we can stay safe while enjoying the season to its fullest.


If you are someone who loves to spend their days out playing in the sun, you must be aware of sunburns. They occur when you spend extended periods in the sun without adequate protection, sometimes leading to painful blisters. One reason is exposure to UV rays that may harm the skin and cause heat damage. Sunburns may be identified by

  • Red patches on the skin
  • Tenderness and swelling 
  • Skin peeling
  • Fluid-filled blisters
  • Fever & nausea (in some cases)

Treating Sunburns

The first step to treating sunburns is to get out of the sun. You may take a cool shower and wear loose cotton clothes to prevent infection. Applying damp cotton balls may help improve the irritation. You could also use aloe vera or apple cider vinegar to soothe the burns. Over-the-counter medications could help with pain and irritation. Drinking enough fluids is vital, as sunburns can cause dehydration.

How to Prevent Sunburns?

Preventing sunburn is essential to avoid premature aging and wrinkles. Here are some tips to protect yourself from sunburns:

  • Use sunscreen: Use sunscreen with at least 30 SPF. Reapply every two hours or more often if swimming or sweating.
  • Find shade: Stay out of the sun during peak hours when UV rays are strongest.
  • Wear protective clothing: Use hats, sunglasses, and long-sleeved shirts to cover exposed skin.
  • Stay hydrated: Drink plenty of water to keep your skin hydrated and healthy.

Heat-related Illnesses

The summer heat can lead to various heat-related illnesses, including heat exhaustion and heatstroke. These conditions occur when your body cannot cool itself effectively, leading to overheating. Though quite similar, heat exhaustion is different from a heat stroke.

Heat Exhaustion Vs Heat Stroke: Symptoms and Treatment

A milder form of illness, heat exhaustion, is caused when the body loses water and salt due to excessive sweating. Symptoms include

  • Sweating & dizziness
  • Dehydration 
  • Muscle cramps
  • Fatigue & weakness
  • Headache

Heat exhaustion can be treated by replenishing the body with fluids and a proper diet. One must avoid the heat and have enough rest. Heat exhaustion might also lead to heat stroke, a more severe condition. Also caused by summer heat, heat stroke is characterized by

  • High body temperature
  • Mental confusion
  • Muscle spasms
  • Fainting or
  • Nausea and vomiting

Heat stroke occurs when the body temperature rises to dangerous levels. It can lead to critical conditions and must be treated promptly. If you experience extreme discomfort or other symptoms, you should consult a doctor.

How to Prevent Heat-related Illnesses?

In case of sunstroke, try moving to a cooler place and wear proper clothing. Proactive steps like applying ice packs, bathing, and hydration will help cool down the body. Additionally, you must:

  • Stay hydrated: Drink plenty of water throughout the day, especially when exercising or spending time outdoors.
  • Avoid strenuous activity: Limit physical exertion during the hotter parts of the day.
  • Wear lightweight clothing: Opt for light-colored, loose-fitting clothes that allow your body to breathe.
  • Take breaks: Rest in shaded or air-conditioned areas to cool down.

Swimming Pool Injuries

Swimming pools provide a refreshing escape from the summer heat but also present some risks, especially for young children. Slips and falls are common summer injuries, but serious accidents might occur if proper safety precautions are not followed. These injuries include

  • Head injuries due to diving
  • Fractures 
  • Electrocution
  • Injuries due to pool toys, chairs, or cleaning equipment
  • Drowning

How to Stay Safe Near the Pools?

Staying farsighted and alert can help avoid these accidents. For instance, young children should be supervised. Make sure that the depth of the pool allows for diving or swimming safely. Inflatable pool toys must be checked and utilized when needed. Other points to stay safe while swimming can be:

  • Use barriers: Barriers can help prevent accidental falls and slipping into the pool.
  • Have a pool lifeguard: A pool lifeguard can help guide young children and prevent serious accidents.
  • Follow pool rules: Adhere to safety rules, such as no running or diving in shallow water.
  • Learn CPR & first-aid: Knowing how to perform CPR can save lives in emergencies.

Insect Bites and Stings

A rise in temperature in summer can lead to an increase in the number of insects and bees in the atmosphere. In addition to spreading allergies and causing discomfort, they may spread viral diseases, too. Common symptoms of insect bites are

  • Itching and redness
  • Tingling sensation
  • Skin burning
  • Swelling and pain
  • Temperature (in some cases) 

Treating Insect Bites 

To treat insect bites, wash the affected area with soap and water and apply a cold compress to support healing. You can also use over-the-counter medicines to alleviate the pain or sting and ointments to control itching and redness.

How to Prevent Insect Bites?

Insect bites can lead to skin allergies and infections. Hence, prevention is necessary to stay protected. Follow these points

  • Insect-repellents: Use an EPA-registered bug-repellent to remain unharmed.
  • Long-sleeved clothing: Wear longer sleeves and trousers to lessen exposure to insects.
  • Mosquito nets: Use a mosquito net to sleep when traveling outdoors.
  • Insect-prone areas: Avoid insect-prone areas such as stagnant water or dense vegetation.

Sports-related Injuries

Summer is a popular time to enjoy outdoor sports and recreational activities. However, the fun season is accompanied by sports injuries. Accidents such as falls and fractures may occur during activities such as soccer, basketball, and cycling, especially if proper warm-up and stretching techniques are not followed. Common summer injuries during sports include

  • Sprains and bruises
  • Fractures
  • Ligament injuries
  • Concussions
  • Knee tears

Treatment & Safety

There must be a first-aid kit available in playgrounds to tackle any injuries. Ice bags can help reduce swelling and pain due to fractures. In case of tears and cuts, the area must be disinfected, and a bandage can be used to prevent bleeding.

How to Prevent Sports-related Injuries?

To prevent summer sports injuries, athletes must follow these guidelines:

  • Warm-Up and Stretch: Always warm up before playing sports and stretch your muscles to prevent strains.
  • Use proper gear: Wear protective equipment, such as helmets, pads, and supportive footwear.
  • Listen to the body: Avoid playing if you feel discomfort or unexplained pain. Consult a physician if necessary.
  • Cool-down routine: After each session, players should have a proper cool-down and stretching routine to maintain fitness and flexibility.

Preventing Injuries and Illnesses for a Healthy Season

Summer is a time for enjoyment and fun. However, it also invites summer injuries and diseases. By learning about issues such as sunburns, heat-related issues, pool injuries, and more, we can practice safety and precaution this summer, ensuring that the season is full of happy and healthy memories.

Advanced Acute Care for Summer Injuries at Newnan Family Associates PC

Need immediate attention for sports injuries, allergies, or more? Find quality healthcare at Newnan Family Associates. We provide excellent care and support for several medical issues, including women's health, preventive care, and mental health. Our team of experienced physicians is equipped with the latest treatment and technology to transform your healthcare experience. Contact us to know more.

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